Occupational Therapy for Stroke

A stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), occurs when there is a sudden disruption of blood flow to a part of the brain. This interruption can lead to damage of brain cells due to the lack of oxygen and nutrients carried by the blood. Strokes require prompt attention because the extent of damage and the potential for recovery depend on how quickly treatment is administered.


There are two primary types of strokes:


Strokes can have various causes, including:

Ischemic Stroke Causes:

Hemorrhagic Stroke Causes:

Risk Factors

The risk factors for strokes include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, atrial fibrillation, age, family history, and a history of previous strokes or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs).


Common symptoms of a stroke include:

Occupational Therapy Specialism

Occupational Therapists who specialise in assessing and treating people who have had a stroke are are based in a branch of Occupational Therapy called Neurorehabilitation.

Common Difficulties associated with Stroke

How can Occupational Therapy help?

Occupational therapists help individuals regain skills and independence affected by a stroke, such as motor control, balance, and activities of daily living;

Assessment and Goal Setting

Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Training

Motor Skills Rehabilitation

Cognitive Rehabilitation

Environmental Modifications

Psychosocial Support

Community Reintegration

Patient and Caregiver Education

Adaptive Technology Integration

Collaboration with Multidisciplinary Team