Occupational Therapy for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults. ADHD is characterized by persistent patterns of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity that can interfere with daily functioning and quality of life.


There are three main subtypes of ADHD which include; 


ADHD can have various causes, including:

Risk Factors

There are several risk factors for ADHD including genetics, low birth weight and premature birth, family factors and early trauma or neglect. 


Common symptoms of ADHD include; 

Occupational Therapy Specialism

Occupational Therapists who specialise in assessing and treating people who have ADHD are based in a branch of Occupational Therapy for  Neurodivergence.

Common Difficulties associated with ADHD

Individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may experience a range of difficulties that can impact various aspects of their daily lives. These difficulties can manifest in academic, social, occupational, and personal domains. Common challenges associated with ADHD include:

Academic Challenges

Workplace/Vocational Challenges

Emotional Regulation Challenges

Executive Functioning Deficits

Sleep Difficulties

Risk-Taking Behavior

How can Occupational Therapy help?

Occupational therapy (OT) can be a valuable intervention for individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Occupational therapists focus on helping individuals develop and improve the skills needed for everyday activities, including academic and work tasks, self-care, and social interactions. Here are several ways in which occupational therapy can help individuals with ADHD:

Time Management and Organization

Sensory Integration

Executive Functioning Skills

Self-Regulation Techniques

Social Skills Training

Fine and Gross Motor Skills

Environmental Modifications

Educational Support

Life Skills Training