Occupational Therapy for Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects movement. It is a progressive condition, meaning that it worsens over time. The disease is characterized by the loss of dopamine-producing neurons in the brain, leading to a variety of symptoms. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in coordinating smooth and controlled movements.


There are numerous criteria under which Parkinson's disease is classified, these include; 


The exact cause of Parkinson's disease is not fully understood but several factors are thought to contribute to it's development, including;

Risk Factors

The risk factors for Parkinson's disease include age, gender, head trauma, hereditary factors and Lewy Bodies (the presence of abnormal protein deposits in the brain).


Common symptoms of MS include:

Occupational Therapy Specialism

Occupational Therapists who specialise in assessing and treating people who have had a TBI are are based in a branch of Occupational Therapy called Neurorehabilitation.

Common Difficulties associated with Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement control. Individuals with Parkinson's disease may experience a range of difficulties, and the severity of symptoms can vary from person to person. Some common difficulties associated with Parkinson's disease include:



Postural Instability

Freezing of Gait


Speech and Swallowing Difficulties


Depression and Anxiety

Cognitive Changes

Sleep Disturbances

Autonomic Dysfunction

How can Occupational Therapy help?

Occupational therapy (OT) can play a significant role in helping individuals with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) manage their symptoms and improve their overall quality of life. Here are some ways in which occupational therapy can be beneficial for people with MS:

Functional Independence

Energy Conservation Techniques

Adaptive Equipment and Assistive Technology

Home Modifications

Cognitive Functioning

Workplace Accommodations

Emotional Well-being

Mobility Training