Occupational Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, often disabling disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain and spinal cord. In MS, the immune system mistakenly attacks the protective covering of nerve fibers (called myelin), causing communication problems between the brain and the rest of the body. Over time, the disease can also damage the underlying nerves.


There are two primary types of MS;


The exact cause of MS is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It is considered an autoimmune disease, where the immune system mistakenly targets and damages the body's own tissues.

Risk Factors

The risk factors for MS include genetics, ethnicity, gender, age, vitamin D levels and other autoimmune diseases.


Common symptoms of MS include:

Occupational Therapy Specialism

Occupational Therapists who specialise in assessing and treating people who have had a TBI are are based in a branch of Occupational Therapy called Neurorehabilitation.

Common Difficulties associated with MS

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, immune-mediated neurological condition that affects the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. Individuals with MS may experience a wide range of symptoms, and the severity and progression of the disease can vary. Common difficulties associated with MS include:


Mobility Issues

Cognitive Impairment

Sensory Disturbances

Vision Problems

Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction

Emotional and Psychological Challenges


Speech and Swallowing Issues

How can Occupational Therapy help?

Occupational therapy (OT) plays a crucial role in the management of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) by addressing the unique challenges individuals with MS may face in their daily lives. Here are some ways occupational therapy can help:

Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Training

Energy Conservation Techniques

Mobility and Motor Skills

Assistive Devices and Adaptive Equipment

Cognitive Rehabilitation

Workplace and Vocational Support

Home Modifications

Psychosocial Support

Leisure and Social Activities

Education and Training