Occupational Therapy for Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)

Occupational therapy (OT) plays a crucial role in the rehabilitation process for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). ABI refers to damage to the brain that occurs after birth and is not related to a congenital or degenerative condition. This can result from various causes such as trauma, stroke, infection, tumor, or hypoxia.


There are two primary types of Acquired Brain Injury:


ABI can have various causes, including:



Risk Factors

The risk factors for ABI include age, gender, occupation, medical conditions such as epilepsy, history of brain injury and genetics. 


Common symptoms of ABI include;

Occupational Therapy Specialism

Occupational Therapists who specialise in assessing and treating people who have had an ABI are based in a branch of Occupational Therapy called Neurorehabilitation.

Common Difficulties associated with TBI

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) can result in a wide range of difficulties that impact various aspects of an individual's life. While the specific challenges can vary depending on factors such as the cause and severity of the injury, as well as individual differences, some common difficulties associated with ABI include:

Cognitive Difficulties

 Communication Challenges

 Physical Impairments

Emotional and Behavioral Changes

Social and Interpersonal Difficulties

Daily Living Challenges

Fatigue and Energy Conservation

Psychosocial Adjustment and Coping

How can Occupational Therapy help?

Occupational therapy (OT) plays a vital role in the rehabilitation process for individuals with Acquired Brain Injury (ABI). OT focuses on improving a person's ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs), regain independence, and participate in meaningful activities. 


Goal Setting

Functional Training

Cognitive Rehabilitation

Motor Rehabilitation

Sensory Integration

Assistive Technology

Environmental Modifications

Education and Training

Psychosocial Support

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